Lesser Combined

        Ape & Crane Set

      San-Sau Gallery-23

      金剛少蝯鶴 散手


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          Steve Richards teaching Lesser Ape and Crane Set, San-Sau from digital video

Under NO circumstances should these techniques be practiced without qualified supervision.


The Tibetan Lion's Roar! includes 'genes' picked up in its evolution, from Indian, Tibetan, Mongolian and Chinese Wrestling systems.  These are now encoded according to the two Totem animal divisions of the Art.  The 'Crane Forms' tend to be more 'refined' and sophisticated whilst the 'Ape Forms' more obviously aggressive and direct.  Some of the techniques shown are similar to those found in the Chinese Wrestling Sport of Shuai-Chiao 摔角 Shuai-Chiao in its sport form, is an upright, jacketed wrestling system, that does not include sophisticated strikes, pressure-points, or any ground fighting techniques and applications.  The grappling in Lion's Roar! has maintained all of these methods, is NOT a sport, and uses highly refined rotational linkages to generate power.  Shuai Chiao in its traditional San-Sau 散手 form is an excellent martial grappling system.  In Lion's Roar! the grappling is "Sai-Jong San-Shou Shuai-Chiao"


Sequence 1: Take-Down To Arm-Bar

Here the defender simultaneously turns to his right, whilst bracing the opponents elbow against his chest, and, turning the opponents wrist and shoulder against that brace. This turns the opponents body: the necessary initializing rotation.  He also begins a low backwards sweep

The back-sweep combined with the brace and turn, and a half-bow at the waist by the defender commences the acceleration of the arc path

The opponent is flipped over and down to his left

Here, the defender has manoeuvred the grounded opponent into a position for a submission arm-bar

The defenders left leg has crossed over the opponents extended right arm, and kicked to the jaw.

Both legs cross to apply a retracting and downward pressure against the back of the opponents shoulder.  The defenders hands have the opponents right arm rotated and with pressure applied at the wrist, working into the elbow joint

Both feet are drawn back and press downwards to increase leverage

The left foot now extends to push at the neck and carotid area, whilst the right foot maintains pressure at the shoulder.  The elbow and wrist are held in position with submission leverage applied against the elbow joint.

Sequence 2:  Shearing Pressure Arm Bar with Finger Lock

An alternative view showing the feet acting against the shoulder and head

Close up of the wrist hold in this variant of the arm-bar.  The elbow is 'sheared' laterally by pressure from the legs and feet, augmented by fixing pressure at the wrist

Close up showing the feet position

Adding a finger lock....

Sequence 3: Hip Throw To Arm-Bar & Wrist/Elbow Lock

Here the attackers forward momentum is met by a left underarm and right over-neck engagement

The defender pivots thru the attackers base

And performs the hip throw

Bracing the attackers weight against his own elbow... as he falls

Rotating him for position

Applying a further....

Elbow lock

And wrist lock, for submission