Ape & Crane Set
Steve Richards teaching Lesser Ape and Crane Set, San-Sau from digital video
Under NO circumstances should these techniques be practiced without qualified supervision.
The Tibetan Lion's Roar! includes 'genes' picked up in its evolution, from Indian, Tibetan, Mongolian and Chinese Wrestling systems. These are now encoded according to the two Totem animal divisions of the Art. The 'Crane Forms' tend to be more 'refined' and sophisticated whilst the 'Ape Forms' more obviously aggressive and direct. Some of the techniques shown are similar to those found in the Chinese Wrestling Sport of Shuai-Chiao 摔角 Shuai-Chiao in its sport form, is an upright, jacketed wrestling system, that does not include sophisticated strikes, pressure-points, or any ground fighting techniques and applications. The grappling in Lion's Roar! has maintained all of these methods, is NOT a sport, and uses highly refined rotational linkages to generate power. Shuai Chiao in its traditional San-Sau 散手 form is an excellent martial grappling system. In Lion's Roar! the grappling is called in Mandarin Chinese:
"Xi-Zhang San-Shou Shuai-Chiao"
Sequence 1: Upright Arm Bar Lever Take-Down
1: The Defender engages the Attackers right arm, with a grip at the wrist, and a wrap-around grip at the shoulder. The Defenders right shoulder barges against the attackers engaged shoulder... The impact at the shoulder is important to de-stabilize the attackers structure. This gives a vital gap (bardo) within which the opponents ability to counter is compromised.
2: The Defender now converts his pressure thru the attackers shoulder into a 'pull-back' with his forearm (vertical) and a 'push-away' thru the Attackers wrist, providing an equal and opposite leverage. Simultaneously, the Attackers lead and weight bearing leg is swept...
3: Opponent is thrown....
4: To the floor......
Sequence 2: Variant With Pressure Point Strike Initiation
1: Here the defender strikes with an extended center knuckle (Gai-Sum-Choi/Lung-Tow) to a Marma-Point on the inferior/lateral aspect of the elbow joint
4: This time the engagement includes a wrist lock
5: Rotation and beginning of the sweep...
5: Opponent is thrown down to the ground
Sequence 3: Spinning Back Hand Initiation of Sequence 1, Above
1: Here, the back-hand is launched from a 'safe' distance. In application, the distance would be VERY close. If the back-hand is engaged, then the follow-up depends on the relative structures. Here, the opponent makes a 'reflex' attempt at blocking/parrying the incoming horizontal line.
2: Stepping in with full body rotation
3: The stance is opening to allow the waist to torque the upper body line - thru the shoulders
4: The opponents reflex block is 'carried' by the Defenders momentum
5: The back-hand 'wraps' around the opponent arm
6 - 8: Now the same resultant action as in Sequence 1....
Sequence 4: 'Crane Step' (Circle Walk) Take Down
1: Here, the basic Crane circle step or "Samsara Chakram Marga" (Sanskrit) is applied as a sweep to the opponent. The opponents arm is engaged with a grip to the wrist, a pull back on the anterior aspect of the shoulder, and with a 'shearing' bar-arm (slice) under and thru, the elbow joint
2: Opponent is swept to the ground...
3: Elevation of the leg shows the degree of force applied upwards during the sweep