Ape & Crane Set
Steve Richards teaching Lesser Ape and Crane Set, San-Sau from digital video
Under NO circumstances should these techniques be practiced without qualified supervision.
Sequence 1: Wrist Lock and Pressure Point Strike To The Elbow
The defender has pulled an attacking line down and away from himself, across the attackers body, which in turning him to one side, isolates the attacker from using his right arm for a second strike. Simultaneously, the defender strikes out with a phoenix-eye single knuckle punch to the ribs
The attackers response is to crumple, and the defender adds to this momentum by pulling the attackers arm further around (simple economical unbalancing force), so that the attackers elbow is pivoted agianst the defenders left hip in a 'break' position ( a fulcrum). Note the positioning of the defenders lead-foot, by being placed against the attackers left foot, it acts as a trip point, - like the edge of a pavement or sidewalk - tipping the attackers bodyweight further into the fulcrums
The defender rotates around to his left dropping from the 'Cat'-Stance and turning his bodyweight thru the attackers elbow. Simultaneously, the wrist grab, rotates into a simple wrist lock
A further turn by the defender stepping with his right leg back and thru the attackers stance, accelerates the attacker even more. A full backwards step now with the defenders left leg would result in a throw. Here, the defender has chosen to apply a nerve pressure-point hit with a single-knuckle phoenix-eye fist formation, to augment the pain of the wrist-lock. Simultaneous stimulation of two or more contact points (here wrist and elbow) can overload the brains information processing capacities
Sequence 2: "Crane's Wings" Break and Enfolding
The defender makes a rotating arc path contact with the attackers left arm. Note the defenders left heel is raised, and that his momentum is circular, turning in towards his own vertical axis, making for great speed and rotational force to be generated
The defenders stance has torqued into a 'Cat' configuration, with the left leg from the previous picture drawn back, as the two vertical arms apply equal and opposite pressure forwards and backwards to the wrist and shoulder joints. This acts on the elbow as a double shearing-force. The closure of the stance allows force to spiral upwards along the vertical axis, and 'out' through the two 'Cranes Wings' arm formations, to summate in the shearing pressures against the attackers elbow
Here the shearing force in the attackers left elbow has caused a reflexive movement in defence by his right arm, which has been 'received' by the defender, who has rotated to meet it, whilst maintaining control of the attackers shoulder along the 'seam' of the posterior surface of the joint. This is the beginning of an 'Enfolding' process.
The defender steps back with a Stealing Step, whilst applying an oppositely acting (forward) rotation of the attackers now rapped arms
Here, the 'Enfoldment' is on, continuations from this point are manifold....
Sequence 3: Crane's Wing's Trap Abstracted View
Here the defender uses a deliberately 'late' and 'high' contact with an incoming 'line' from the attacker. This is for position, although in practice 'reactions' are often behind in time, so practicing from them is useful. The position is to slightly deflect, and raise (or keep raised) the incoming line.
Here, you can see the rotation of the body and the positioning of the arms for the break position
Completion of the basic position, note the 'Cat' stance as this augments the drop of weight into the attackers joints