Lesser-Crane Set

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Steve Richards teaching Lesser Crane Set San-Sau.

Images taken from digital video.

Under NO circumstances should these techniques be practiced without qualified supervision.


A reverse Crane's Wing "Pak-Hok Che-Kiu" engagement to the shoulder plane.  Note that the opponents body is closely engaged for control thru various body-contact points - shoulders, hips, as well as the simple wrist rotation grip.  The feet are within the opponents 'base' and are kept light. Balance is momentarily 'taken' or borrowed from the opponents structure - as both individuals form a temporarily conjoined, but dynamic, 'single-structure'.

The opponents left arm is supinated at the wrist, which rotates the shoulder backwards.  Simultaneously, the defenders upper arm depresses the opponents shoulder, causing the knees to bend, whilst also moving the point of the elbow backwards into the windpipe.  This movement encourages the opponent to make a reflex grasping acting action to the defenders forearm.

The defender positions the elbow to the vertical, 'escaping' the reflex grasp, and adding a moment of further confusion to information processing, as the arm has effectively 'vanished'. Once in the vertical, the defender pushed his body forwards against the opponents left elbow joint whilst simultaneously driving downwards into the sterno-clavicular joint. The rotation at the wrist is maintained

The opponents body being driven forward, necessitates a further 'switch'.  The wrist/forearm is rotated into the pronated position, augmenting the shoulder and body momentum to the front.  The defenders elbow re-positions in anterior aspect to the defenders shoulder, whilst the weight of the body pushes down in concert with the forward rolling movement, against the superior aspect of the shoulder joint.  This applies a potentially dislocating fulcrum and lever

The opponent is obliged to roll forward to avoid dislocation, and to 'assist' this the defenders hip begins to 'flip' the opponents upper body even further forward, whilst the defenders shoulder maintains then depressing , and dislocating forces - by a laterally angled rotation

The opponent begins to 'dig-in' his weight to resist this action, and also to refexively move oppositely to the forwardly acting torque.

This is detected by the defender, who switches the rotation back, to 'square' the now reverse acting forces

Unbalanced by his own 'defence' being further accelerated by the defender, the opponent loses control of his vertical axis

The defender rotates the opponents head back into a lock, and begins to rotate his rear foot so that his knee makes a rotational engagement against the defenders left leg

The 'active Cat' stance adds an irresistible fulcrum and lever thru the knee, waist and hips to add to the turning against the neck and spine. The opponent must now fall to the ground - back-of-the-head impacting.